The English language word “church” is from the Old English word cirice, derived from West Germanic *kirika, which in turn comes from the Greek κυριακή kuriakē, meaning “of the Lord” (possessive form of κύριος kurios “ruler” or “lord”).
Where did the name Church come from?
English: topographic surname for someone who lived near a church. The word comes from Old English cyrice, ultimately from medieval Greek kyrikon, for earlier kyriakon (doma) ‘(house) of the Lord’, from kyrios ‘lord’.
What is the name Church?
The Anglo-Saxon name Church comes from the family having resided near a church. The surname Church is derived from the old English word cyrice, which is itself derived from the Late Greek word kyrikon, which means house of the Lord.
What does the word church literally mean?
The word “church” is commonly used to translate the Greek word εκκλησια (ekklesia) except in a couple of cases where ekklesia refers to a non-Christian assembly. … So ekklesia simply means the “called out [people]” —a congregation of people called out of darkness into God’s light.
What is the biblical meaning of the word church?
church. A group of Christians (see also Christian); church is a biblical word for “assembly.” It can mean any of the following: (1) All Christians, living and dead. (See saints.) (2) All Christians living in the world.
What does the Greek word for church mean?
The word “church” has a complicated history. … The oldest word for church, the word that St. Paul himself used, is the Greek word “ecclesia,” from which we get the terms “ecclesial” and “ecclesiastical.” The word was in use centuries before the Christian church appeared on the scene.
What was the name of the first church in the Bible?
Tradition holds that the first Gentile church was founded in Antioch, Acts 11:20–21, where it is recorded that the disciples of Jesus Christ were first called Christians (Acts 11:26).
What does the term Ekklesia literally mean?
Latin ecclesia, from Greek ekklesia, where the word is a compound of two segments: “ek”, a preposition meaning “out of”, and a verb, “kaleo”, signifying “to call” – together, literally, “to call out”.
What is another name for a church?
other words for church
What is the most common church name?
Most are dedicated to a single ‘patron saint’, such as Saint Peter or The Virgin Mary, or one of the persons of God, such as Holy Trinity, Christ Church, or The Good Shepherd.
Most common dedications.
What does Jesus mean by church?
The church is the body of Christ—his heart, his mouth, his hands, and feet—reaching out to the world: Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it. ( 1 Corinthians 12:27, NIV) The church is the people of the Kingdom of God.
What are the four marks of the true church?
The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.
What is the root word for church?
This is probably [see extensive note in OED] borrowed via an unrecorded Gothic word from Greek kyriake (oikia), kyriakon doma “the Lord’s (house),” from kyrios “ruler, lord,” from PIE root *keue- “to swell” (“swollen,” hence “strong, powerful”). … “of the Lord” was used of houses of Christian worship since c.
What are the three meanings of church?
Three meanings of the word church are, local community or diocese, community of God’s people gathered around the world, and community of the church.
What religion uses a church?
A church building, church house, or simply church, is a building used for Christian worship services and other Christian religious activities. The term is used to refer to the physical buildings where Christians worship and also to refer to the community of Christians.