What are the parts of a church building called?

What are parts of a church called?

Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What’s the altar area of a church called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building.

What is the layout of a church?

The entryway to the church is the narthex; the church portals are located here. The nave, or center aisle is an elongated rectangle and pews are located to each side. During processions, ceremonies or masses, people walk up the nave to the altar. The crossing is where the transepts and nave intersect.

What is a church building called?

A cathedral is a church, usually Catholic, Anglican, Oriental Orthodox or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from cathedra, or Bishop’s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis). The term is sometimes (improperly) used to refer to any church of great size.

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What are the four main parts of the church?

The Four Marks of the Church, also known as the Attributes of the Church, is a term describing four distinctive adjectives—”One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic”—of traditional Christian ecclesiology as expressed in the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed completed at the First Council of Constantinople in AD 381: “[We …

What are the main features of a church?

Features of churches

  • the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
  • the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
  • the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
  • a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

What are the 3 parts of the church?

Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant.

What are the side rooms in a church called?

The sacristy is usually located inside the church, but in some cases it is an annex or separate building (as in some monasteries). In most older churches, a sacristy is near a side altar, or more usually behind or on a side of the main altar.

What is the wall behind the altar called?

A reredos (/ˈrɪərˌdɒs, ˈrɪərɪ-, ˈrɛrɪ-/ REER-dos, REER-ih-, RERR-ih-) is a large altarpiece, a screen, or decoration placed behind the altar in a church.

Where is the aisle in a church?

In church architecture, an aisle (also known as an yle or alley) is more specifically a passageway to either side of the nave that is separated from the nave by colonnades or arcades, a row of pillars or columns. Occasionally aisles stop at the transepts, but often aisles can be continued around the apse.

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Why is a church shaped like a cross?

Shape: they are most often built in a cruciform shape (cross shaped) Probably a fairly obvious reasoning behind this feature – the cross of course represents the cross in Christian teachings on which Jesus died for our sins.

What is a priest’s home called?

A clergy house is the residence, or former residence, of one or more priests or ministers of religion. Such residences are known by various names, including parsonage, manse, and rectory.

What rooms are in a church?

Rooms and areas in religious buildings – thesaurus

  • apse. noun. a curved area at one end of a church.
  • cell. noun. a small room where a monk or a nun sleeps in a religious community.
  • chancel. noun. …
  • chapel. noun. …
  • choir. noun. …
  • choir stalls. noun. …
  • crypt. noun. …
  • holy of holies. noun.

What’s the difference between a church and a chapel?

A church is any place of worship that has a permanent congregation and is run by a pastor or priest. … Unlike a church, a chapel is a place of worship that has no pastor or priest and no permanent congregation; it’s all about the physical space.

Catechēsis