Fundamentalists argued that 19th-century modernist theologians had misinterpreted or rejected certain doctrines, especially biblical inerrancy, which they considered the fundamentals of the Christian faith. Fundamentalists are almost always described as having a literal interpretation of the Bible.
How do fundamentalists interpret the Bible?
Fundamentalist Christians regard the words of the Bible as being the true voice of God. For example, when reading the creation story in Genesis , fundamentalists would believe that the world was literally created in seven days.
What does the term biblical fundamentalism mean?
Christian fundamentalism, movement in American Protestantism that arose in the late 19th century in reaction to theological modernism, which aimed to revise traditional Christian beliefs to accommodate new developments in the natural and social sciences, especially the theory of biological evolution.
What is meant by fundamentalism?
1a often capitalized : a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching. b : the beliefs of this movement. c : adherence to such beliefs a minister noted for his strict fundamentalism.
What is meant by biblical interpretation?
Literal interpretation asserts that a biblical text is to be interpreted according to the “plain meaning” conveyed by its grammatical construction and historical context. The literal meaning is held to correspond to the intention of the authors.
Should we interpret the Bible literally?
Biblical literalists believe that, unless a passage is clearly intended by the writer as allegory, poetry, or some other genre, the Bible should be interpreted as literal statements by the author. Critics argue that allegorical intent can be ambiguous.
Are Baptists fundamentalists?
Independent Baptist churches (some also called Independent Fundamental Baptist, Independent Fundamentalist Baptist or IFB) are Christian congregations, generally holding to conservative (primarily fundamentalist) Baptist beliefs.
What does a fundamentalist believe in?
Religious fundamentalists believe in the superiority of their religious teachings, and in a strict division between righteous people and evildoers (Altemeyer and Hunsberger, 1992, 2004). This belief system regulates religious thoughts, but also all conceptions regarding the self, others, and the world.
What is the difference between fundamentalist Christianity and evangelical Christianity?
Evangelicals and fundamentalists both agree that the Bible is inerrant, but fundamentalists tend to read the Bible literally. … Evangelicals have a somewhat broader interpretation of who Jesus was. Fundamentalists also add some additional doctrines to their beliefs that many evangelicals would not agree with.
What are the characteristics of religious fundamentalism?
One characteristic of religious Fundamentalism is that most Fundamentalist groups have a charismatic, authoritarian leader. This person is usually male, who may claim to be divinely informed. An example of this was the Christian Fundamentalist People’s Temple religious cult led by Reverend Jim Jones.
Is Fundamentalism a religion?
Fundamentalism usually has a religious connotation that indicates unwavering attachment to a set of irreducible beliefs.
Why is fundamentalism present in every religion?
Fundamentalist groups exist in all major world religions and in some ‘alternative’ spiritual traditions. There are identifiable groups of people within all world religions who believe that the purity of their message is under threat. This message is, they feel, a universal truth, infallible and divine.
What do we mean by historical fundamentalism?
Fundamentalism, in the narrowest meaning of the term, was a movement that began in the late 19th- and early 20th-century within American Protestant circles to defend the “fundamentals of belief” against the corrosive effects of liberalism that had grown within the ranks of Protestantism itself.
What does spiritual interpretation mean?
Spirituality is a broad concept with room for many perspectives. In general, it includes a sense of connection to something bigger than ourselves, and it typically involves a search for meaning in life. As such, it is a universal human experience—something that touches us all.
Who interprets the Bible?
Catholic interpretation – Because the Catholic Church is, according to Catholics, the official custodian and interpreter of the Bible, Catholicism’s teaching concerning the Sacred Scriptures and their genuine sense must be the supreme guide of the commentator.
Who interprets the Bible in Catholicism?
Authoritative critique. In 1993 the Catholic Church’s Pontifical Biblical Commission produced “The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church” with the endorsement of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.