The encyclical of Humani generis of Pope Pius XII states that (unless explicitly stated) papal encyclicals are not infallible documents but are teachings that Catholic theologians must follow: “Nor must it be thought that what is expounded in Encyclical Letters does not of itself demand consent, since in writing such …
Is the Catholic Church’s teaching on contraception infallible?
Only abstinence was permissible to prevent conception. Priests were to teach this so clearly and so often that no Catholic could claim ignorance of the Church’s prohibition of contraception. Many theologians presumed this to be an “infallible statement” and taught it thus to Catholic laypersons for decades.
Who has infallibility in the Catholic Church?
Papal infallibility, in Roman Catholic theology, the doctrine that the pope, acting as supreme teacher and under certain conditions, cannot err when he teaches in matters of faith or morals.
Why is the pope considered infallible?
The doctrine of papal infallibility means that the Pope cannot err or teach error when he speaks on matters of faith and morals ex cathedra, or “from the chair” of the Apostle St. Peter—that is, in his role as supreme teacher of the church.
When did the pope become infallible?
The First Vatican Council in 1869-70, in its Pastor Aeternus decree, declared that the pope was infallible when he spoke “ex Cathedra” – or from the papal throne – on matters of faith and morals.
Can Catholic use condoms?
Catholic views on condoms. The Catholic Church’s opposition to contraception includes a prohibition on condoms. It believes that chastity should be the primary means of preventing the transmission of AIDS.
Why does the Catholic Church not like contraception?
The Catholic position on contraception was formally explained and expressed by Pope Paul VI’s Humanae vitae in 1968. Artificial contraception is considered intrinsically evil, but methods of natural family planning may be used, as they do not usurp the natural way of conception.
Is the Bible infallible Catholic?
Catholicism. The Catholic Church speaks not about infallibility of scripture but about its freedom from error, holding “the doctrine of the inerrancy of Scripture”.
Is the Catholic Church fallible?
Catholic Church. Catholicism teaches that Jesus Christ, “the Word made Flesh” (John 1:14), is the source of divine revelation and, as the Truth, he is infallible. … Catholic theology divides the functions of the teaching office into two categories: the infallible sacred magisterium and the fallible ordinary magisterium.
Does the Pope claim to be God?
Papal supremacy is the doctrine of the Catholic Church that the Pope, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, the visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful, and as pastor of the entire Catholic Church, has full, supreme, and universal power over the …
Which Catholic group does not recognize the Pope?
Sedevacantism is the position held by some traditional Catholics that the present occupier of the Holy See is not a valid pope due to the mainstream church’s alleged espousal of modernism and that, for lack of a valid pope, the See has been vacant since the death of Pope Pius XII in 1958, the death of Pope John XXIII …
Can a Catholic disagree with the Pope?
Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic Church which states that, in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the pope when appealing to his highest authority is preserved from the possibility of error on doctrine “initially given to the apostolic Church and handed down in Scripture and tradition”.
What are the four dogmas of the Catholic Church?
The four dogmas of Mother of God, Immaculate Conception, perpetual virginity, and Assumption form the basis of Mariology.
Who is the first pope in the Bible?
Peter was one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus. Roman Catholic tradition holds that Jesus established St. Peter as the first pope (Matthew 16:18).
Is Vatican II dogmatic?
The Second Vatican Council, also known as Vatican II, which took place from 1962 to… The “Dogmatic Constitution on the Church” reflects the attempt of the council fathers to utilize biblical terms rather than juridical categories to describe the church.
Is the pope a Catholic?
The pope (Latin: papa, from Greek: πάππας, romanized: pappas, “father”), also known as the supreme pontiff (Pontifex maximus) or the Roman pontiff (Romanus Pontifex), is the bishop of Rome, head of the worldwide Catholic Church and head of state or sovereign of the Vatican City State.